• Also known as Tapaoux, Pioneer, Karba, Nemim, DUBNIUM, Fallout Team, Karba, and Luder.
This threat actor targets private sector entities, law enforcement organizations, and militaries, primarily in East Asia, for espionage purposes.
Suspected victims
  • Japan
  • Russia
  • North Korea
  • Taiwan
  • South Korea
  • China
  • World Health Organization
Suspected state sponsor
  • Korea (Republic of)
Type of incident
  • Espionage
Target category
  • Private sector